At 340 days, Astronaut Scott Kelly completed the longest single mission aboard the International Space Station.
Spanish peseta lost its legal tender after fully adopting the Euro.
MAC Cosmetics makeup brand was founded in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The first woman won the Life Achievement Award and was claimed by Bette Davis.
The Venera 3 space probe became the first human-made object to land on another planet.
President John F. Kennedy founded the Peace Corps.
The Peace Corps is a successful volunteer organization that has since sent at least 235,000 Americans abroad to developing countries to help with health care, education, and other human needs.
Captain America issue #1 comic was published by Timely Comics (which later became Marvel).
The writers and pencilers were Joe Simon and Jack Kirby.
A Study in Scarlet became the first US edition of British detective Sherlock Holmes written by Arthur Conan Doyle.
The Yellowstone National Park Protection Act went into law, making it the first National Park in the world.
Nebraska became the 37th state to join the United States of America.
Rebecca Lee Crumpler became the first African American female physician.
The Death Penalty was abolished in the state of Michigan, except for treason.
This made it the first English-speaking government in the world to make such a move.
Ohio became the 17th state to join the United States of America.
The first United States Census was authorized.
Authorizing the legislation were President George Washington, Vice President John Adams, and Speaker of the House Frederick Muhlenberg.