Russia launches an actor and director to the International Space Station to make the first film in orbit.
Nobel Prize for Physics awarded to Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Parisi for pioneering work that warned of climate change.
Banksy’s famous “Girl With Balloon” was sold for £1 million at an auction, then the piece automatically self-destructed by running through a shredder fitted into the frame.
Those attending the auction looked in horror. Banksy then posted the picture on Instagram with the caption, “Going, going, gone…”
California Governor Jerry Brown passed a bill to legalize assisted suicide for terminally ill persons.
Stephenie Meyer’s vampire novel “Twilight” was published.
The Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil was ratified.
Marc Garneau became the first Canadian to reach outer space.
Garneau was chosen along with five others from a total of 4,000 applicants to the newly-established Canadian Astronaut Program. Of the chosen six, Garneau was the only military officer. His debut as an astronaut was aboard the Challenger Space Shuttle as a payload officer for the STS-41-G mission.
AT&T was founded by Alexander Graham Bell, Gardiner Greene Hubbard, and Thomas Sanders.
Elton John’s 7th album, “Goodbye Yellow Brick Road,” was released.
The US Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) was founded.
The American romantic comedy “Breakfast at Tiffany’s,” starring Audrey Hepburn, was released in the US.
The movie had a budget of $2.5 million but reached an impressive $14 million at the Box Office.
During World War I, as a soldier, Adolf Hitler was injured by a grenade blast.
The shrapnel severely wounded his left thigh.
Notorious American outlaws, The Dalton Brothers, set out to rob two banks in Coffeyville, Kansas.
They were recognized before they got to the second bank and were shot at by vigilantes – 8 men died, including 4 of the five outlaws present. The 5th was injured and arrested.
The Great Cyclone of Calcutta hit India and destroyed over half the city.
As a result, 172 out of 195 ships were damaged or destroyed. Around 300,000 people died, thousands of homes were damaged, and even the city’s anemometer was blown away. This is known as the worst cyclone ever to hit Calcutta.
King Louis the Pious was crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by the Pope.