US begins vaccinating children aged 5 to 11 years with a lower dose of the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine.
South African writer Damon Galgut wins literature’s Booker Prize for his novel “The Promise”.
The novelist, shortlisted for two of his previous books, received one of the world’s most prestigious literary awards for his cutting depiction of a white family in post-apartheid South Africa.
Americans headed to the polls to vote for either Donald Trump or Joe Biden in the US Presidential Election.
The grueling election process took four whole days, with Democratic Joe Biden winning the election on November 7.
The One World Trade Center opened on the original World Trade Center site.
George W Bush secured his second term as President of the United States.
Queen Elizabeth II inaugurated the flow of oil from the UK’s first-ever oil pipeline.
BP (British Petroleum) built the 130-mile-long pipeline in the North Sea, and the flow began on this day when Queen Elizabeth II pushed the gold-plated button at BP’s control center near Aberdeen, Scotland.
NASA launched the last space probe in the Mariner Program, Mariner 10.
The Soviet Union sent a dog into space aboard the spacecraft Sputnik II.
The dog called Laika was the first living organism to be sent into orbit from Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan.
Louis Chevrolet incorporated the Chevrolet Motor Car Company.
The International Radiotelegraph Conference in Berlin selected “SOS” (· · · – – – · · ·) as the global standard for radio distress calls.
The SOS code was implemented internationally on July 1, 1908.
Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah became the first elected female State Senator in the United States.
She beat out her husband for the seat by less than 2000 votes.
The Times of India was founded, making it the largest English-language newspaper in the world.
Political activist and French playwright Olympe de Gouges was guillotined.
She was a martyr for Freedom of Speech. She wrote a poster called “Les Trois Urnes,” which supported reestablishing the monarchy. This was a major offense during this time.
The parliament of England passed the first Act of Supremacy, granting the monarch complete control of the Church of England.
Explorer Christopher Columbus, on his second voyage, found Dominica and the Kalinago people.
Emperor Constantius II was baptized on his deathbed hours before passing.